Ayurveda is the most ancient therapy , all across the world. Its about 5000 years old, first time mentioned in  the Rig Veda. It literally means science of life. The word Ayurveda is the combination of two words Ayu and Veda.

AYU means LIFE & VEDA means KNOWLEDGE

As per Rig Veda,  following are 2 basic principles of our constitution:

  1. PanchaMahabhut 
  2. Tridoshas  

Five Basic Elements(PanchMahabhut)

According to Ayurveda, every human being is structurally composed of Five basic elements of Universe. They are Earth or Prithvi, Water or Jal, Fire or Agni, Air or Vayu, Ether or Akash. These five elements contain five characteristics. They account for the five faculties of Shabda (sound), Sparsha(touch), Roopa(sight) ,Rasa(taste), Gandh (Smell) . Thus every individual has these distinct five faculties as each of these faculties has emanated from one particular element. but the functional aspect of the body is governed by three biological humors.

Panchbutas/PanchTatava:-

Akash or Ether is accounts for the  hearing or  ear and is represented by sound.

Air ,  It represents the gaseous state of matter and is responsible for the respiratory system.

Fire,  It is responsible for digestion and perception.

Water , It is responsible for fluid metabolism in the body

Earth, This is the basest element earth can be perceived by all five senses sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch

3 Humors (Tridoshas)

Ayurveda comprehends body, mind and spirit likewise and has specific methods for working on each. It divides the constitution of people into three humoral categories

Vata —a combination of ether and air

Pitta—a combination of fire and water,

Kapha—a combination of water and earth.

Vata rules mental mobility. Pitta or fire, governs digestion and assimilation of food or ideas. Kapha or water, governs form and substance and is responsible for weight, cohesion and stability. 

Each individual has unique characteristic of VPK which is decided at time of its birth.  In Ayurveda line of treatment, Doctors Cure the patients by bringing back the balance in Tridoshas.

Basic Treatment Procedure in Ayurveda

Ayurveda insists that the 'Dosha, the ‘Tissue’ or Dhatu and the ‘Impurity’ or Mala should be in harmony with each other, with all the components properly balanced. These therapeutic measures are taken either to prevent diseases or to cure disease. Thus in short Ayurvedic procedures are done either to detoxify the body or to strengthen the immune system . 

Following are the key treatments available in Ayurveda :

  1. Principles of preventive healthcare for the entire family.
  2. Treatment of addictions.
  3. Purification and rejuvenation treatment
  4.  The ayurvedic approach to diet and weight loss.
  5. Musculoskeletal system treatments.
  6. Promotion of self-healing and resistance to disease. 
  7.  Male and female infertility.
  8. Beauty and cosmetic treatments for men and women 

Ayurveda objective is to help the healthy person to maintain good health and the diseased person to regain good health. The practice of Ayurveda is designed to promote human happiness at physical, mental and spiritual level. By the proper balance of all vital energies in the body, the processes of physical deterioration and disease can be reduced. This is accomplished through proper eating, thinking and living habits as well as the use of herbal remedies to treat illness.

Ayurveda is also known as one of prominent Preventive Healthcare System which helps people to remain healthy without falling sick.