Ayurveda is the most ancient therapy , all across the world. Its about 5000 years old, first time mentioned in the Rig Veda. It literally means science of life. The word Ayurveda is the combination of two words Ayu and Veda.
AYU means LIFE & VEDA means KNOWLEDGE
As per Rig Veda, following are 2 basic principles of our constitution:
According to Ayurveda, every human being is structurally composed of Five basic elements of Universe. They are Earth or Prithvi, Water or Jal, Fire or Agni, Air or Vayu, Ether or Akash. These five elements contain five characteristics. They account for the five faculties of Shabda (sound), Sparsha(touch), Roopa(sight) ,Rasa(taste), Gandh (Smell) .
Thus every individual has these distinct five elements. The functional aspect of the body is governed by three biological humors.
- Akash or Ether is accounts for the hearing or ear and is represented by sound.
- Air, It represents the gaseous state of matter and is responsible for the respiratory system.
- Fire, It is responsible for digestion and perception.
- Water , It is responsible for fluid metabolism in the body
- Earth, This is the basest element earth can be perceived by all five senses sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch
Ayurveda comprehends body, mind and spirit likewise and has specific methods for working on each. It divides the constitution of people into three humoral categories
- Vata —a combination of ether and air
- Pitta—a combination of fire and water,
- Kapha—a combination of water and earth.
Vata rules mental mobility. Pitta or fire, governs digestion and assimilation of food or ideas. Kapha or water, governs form and substance and is responsible for weight, cohesion and stability.
Each individual has unique characteristic of VPK which is decided at time of its birth. In Ayurveda line of treatment, Doctors Cure the patients by bringing back the balance in Tridoshas.
Three ways of treating ailments/disorders in Ayurveda:
There are three ways of treating ailments/disorders in Ayurveda:
- Symptomatic treatment or palliative treatment: Therapy of a disease that only affects its symptoms, not its cause, i.e., its etiology. Examples of symptomatic treatments: Analgesics, for pain. Anti-inflammatory agents, for inflammation caused by arthritis.
- Curative care or Systemic Treatment: on the other hand, is defined as care that works not only on the symptoms but overall system of body and thus treats the root cause.
- Preventive Care: Ayurveda is holistic system of medicine which not only offers the cure from disease but also teaches the way of prevention i.e. teaches us the lifestyle to live healthy and free from disease.
Basic Treatment Procedure in Ayurveda
Ayurveda insists that the 'Dosha, the ‘Tissue’ or Dhatu and the ‘Impurity’ or Mala should be in harmony with each other, with all the components properly balanced. These therapeutic measures are taken either to prevent diseases or to cure disease. Thus in short Ayurvedic procedures are done either to detoxify the body or to strengthen the immune system .
Following are the key treatments available in Ayurveda :
- Principles of preventive healthcare for the entire family.
- Treatment of addictions.
- Purification and rejuvenation treatment
- The Ayurveda approach to diet and weight loss.
- Musculoskeletal system treatments.
- Promotion of self-healing and resistance to disease.
- Male and female infertility.
- Beauty and cosmetic treatments for men and women
Ayurveda objective is to help the healthy person to maintain good health and the diseased person to regain good health. The practice of Ayurveda is designed to promote human happiness at physical, mental and spiritual level. By the proper balance of all vital energies in the body, the processes of physical deterioration and disease can be reduced. This is accomplished through proper eating, thinking and living habits as well as the use of herbal remedies to treat illness.
Ayurveda is also known as one of prominent Preventive Healthcare System which helps people to remain healthy without falling sick.
So Even if two persons are suffering from same disease, their Ayurvedic treatment would be different according to constitution of their body.
Diagnosis of imbalance in Vata, Pitta and Kapha is done by taking the history of patient these are some of the specific questions which we ask:
- What is the pain pattern? is it Cyclic/ Variation in Pain? Moderate or Severe? Painful Area and its surroundings or any numbness in nearby portions?
- How old is Pain ?
- If stomach is Fully clean, Partially clean, multiple motions or Constipated
- If patient suffering from any type of Acidity, Gastric or Bloating etc ?
- What is the nature of appetite?
- His day to day activities like lifestyle, eating habits, work nature, sitting job or lot of physical work ?
- How is his sleeping Patterns like Sound Sleep or intermittent sleeps or insomniac?
- His history of treatments?
Based on the response from the patient on these queries we determine the imbalances in Tridoshas like if more stiffness or numbness then Vata aggravation is diagnosed? If burning sensation, then Pitta imbalance etc. Hence the dominance of imbalanced Tridoshas is diagnosed then according line of treatment starts.