The most fundamental and characteristic principle of Ayurveda is called Three Humors.
All matter is thought to he composed of five basic elements (Panchamahabhutas) which show the property earth (prithvi), water (jala), fire (tejas), wind (vayu) and space (akasha).
- VATA — Ether and Air
- PITTA — Fire and Water
- KAPHA – Water and Earth,
Vata , pitta, kapha are present in every cell, tissue and organ. Doshas are to be seen as all pervasive, subtle entities,
- Vata regulates movement and is represented by the nervous system.
- Pitta is the principle of bio transformation and is the cause of all metabolic processes in the body.
- Kapha is the principle of cohesion and functions through the body fluids.
In every person these three doshas differ in permutations and combinations and thereby determine the physiologic constitution (Prakriti) of an individual. Vata, pitta and kapha are distinctly present in every individual and express in each human being differently according to predominance of their different qualities (gunas).
Purvakarma: Pre-purification Measures
Before the actual operation of purification begins i.e Panchkarma Procedure. there is a need to prepare the body. These methods help to release the toxins. These two procedures are called :-
Snehan is the oil massage. Oil is applied to the entire body with a particular type of massage that helps the toxins to move towards the gastrointestinal tract. Oil massage also makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple, thus helping to remove stress and nourish the nervous system. Snehan is given daily for three to seven days, as indicated.
Svedana is sweating and is given every day after Snehan. An herbal concoction is added to the steam to loosen the toxins from the individual. Svedana liquefies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into the gastrointestinal tract. After 3-7 days of snehan and svedana,
the doshas become well “ripened.”
Afterwards particular panchakarma method is given to the individual’s .