Panchakarma is purification and detoxification treatment which cleanses the body. The series of five therapies help remove deep rooted stress and illness-causing toxins from the body while balancing the doshas. Vata Pita and Kapha.
Panchakarma means “five procedures”. These five cleansing procedures remove accumulated waste materials in the body. Meant for both healthy and sick.
- Induced vomiting with medicines (Vamana)
- Cleaning the bowels with medicines (Virechana)
- Medicated oil enema (Sneha Basti)
- Nose Medication (Nasya)
- Blood Purification (Leech Therapy)
Vaman is therapeutic vomiting or medicated emesis. Vomiting is induced by giving oral drugs with a large quantity of liquids. It cleanses toxins collected in the body and clears the respiratory system. Kapha toxins accumulated in the respiratory tract are removed by Vamana. Once the mucus is released, the patient will feel instantly relieved. This treatment is very effective for the lungs related problems like bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma.
This procedure releases toxins that are held in the kapha areas of lungs and stomach along with the accumulated dosha, by therapeutic vomiting.
After vamana procedure it is recommended to have resting, fasting, and not to suppress any natural urges i.e., urination, defecation, gas, sneezing, coughing.
With Vamana the person feels relaxation in the lungs and able to breathe freely, lightness in the chest and all symptoms of congestion disappear.
This procedure is based on bowel-cleaning by giving laxatives. These laxatives are made of milk, Ghee and/or warm water. It removes toxins accumulated in the liver/gallbladder and completely cleans the intestinal path. Purgatives or herbal bring back the equilibrium of Pita.
When excess bile is secreted, it gets accumulated in the gall bladder, liver and small intestine, it tends to result in rashes, skin inflammation, hyper acidity, acid reflux , burning in the chest , biliary vomiting etc. This therpay helps in curing these problems.
When Virechan is performed the patient must follow the diet prescription given by doctor and should not eat heavy foods or outside food.
Considered as the mother of all treatments, majorly controles the aggravtes Vata . Broadly its of two types :
(Sneha Basti) Enema with medicinal oils
(Kashaya Basti) decoctions of varius herba .
Basti cleanses accumulated toxins in the intestine.
Thsi procedure is performedd in the rectum column by inserting specified fluids. The term ‘Basti’ literally means bag or bladder. It involves instilling liquids like medicated oils, herbal decoctions and milk through the perineum. It refers to injecting of a fluid into the rectum to cause a bowel movement.
It relieves constipation, bloating, sexual disorders, kidney stones, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with Basti.
Uttara Basti – This is the other form of Basti which is given through vagina in women and penis in males. Uttara Basti is for certain gynecological disorders like Infertility. For Males it helps in curing the sexual problems
The nose is the doorway to the brain and it is also the doorway to consciousness
s. The nasal administration of medication is called nasya. Medicine is poured into the nostrils for inhalation. This cleanses accumulated toxins in the head and neck region. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated.
Especial apparatus is used to insert the Luke warm oil into the nose.
This treatment is highly effective for asthma, sinusitis, migraine and loss of smell/taste.
It neutralizes the accumulated pitta toxins of blood. leeches are applied on the affected area of patient. Leeches have tiny rows of teeth. They pierce a person’s skin and insert anticoagulants through their saliva. The leeches are then allowed to extract blood, for 20 to 45 minutes at a time.
Enzymes in saliva of leeach (Hirudin) enter the blood which acts as an anti-coagulant. This leech enzyme stays in the blood and do vasodilation and increases the blood supply to the surrounding tissue. This prevent necrosis and expedites the healing.
Leech sucks impure blood from the skin and only the pure blood is left so it is a blood purification therapy .
Toxins present in the gastrointestinal tract are absorbed into the blood and circulated throughout the body. This condition is called toxemia, which is the basic cause of repeated infections and blood circulatory conditions. This includes repeated attacks of skin disorders such as urticaria, rashes, herpes, eczema, acne, scabies, leukoderma, chronic itching or hives. In such conditions, elimination of the toxins from blood is necessary.. Rakta moksha is also indicated for cases of enlarged liver, spleen and gout.
Pitta is produced from the disintegrated red blood cel
ls in the liver. So pitta and blood have a very close relationship. An increase in pitta may go into the blood causing toxicity, and thus many pitta-genic disorders. Extracting a small amount of blood from a vein relieves the tension created by the pitta-genic toxins in the blood. Leeches have been used as an alternative to bloodletting. Bloodletting also stimulates the spleen to produce anti-toxic substances that help to stimulate the immune system. Toxins are neutralized, enabling radical cures in many blood-borne disorders.
Certain substances such as sugar, salt, yogurt, sour-tasting foods and alcohol are toxic to the blood. In certain blood disorders these substances should be avoided to keep the blood pure. For rakta moksha treatment other than bloodletting, there are blood-purifying practices involving herbs, germ.
< PS : Results may vary from person to person based on his/her body type and combination of doshas >
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