Panchakarma is purification and detoxification treatment which cleanses the body. The series of five therapies help remove deep rooted stress and illness-causing toxins from the body while balancing the doshas. Vata Pita and Kapha.
Panchakarma means “five procedures”. These five cleansing procedures remove accumulated waste materials in the body. Meant for both healthy and sick.
- Induced vomiting with medicines (Vamana)
- Cleaning the bowels with medicines (Virechana)
- Medicated oil enema (Sneha Basti)
- Nose Medication (Nasya)
- Blood Purification (Leech Therapy)
Vaman is therapeutic vomiting or medicated emesis. When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting, vamana, to eliminate the kapha causing the excess mucus. Kapha toxins accumulated in the respiratory tract are removed by Vamana. Once the mucus is released, the patient will feel instantly relieved. It is likely that congestion, wheezing and breathlessness will disappear and that the sinuses will become clear.
When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting, vamana, to eliminate the kapha causing the excess mucus. Often times this also releases repressed emotions that have been held in the kapha areas of the lungs and stomach along with the accumulated dosha. Once the mucus is released, the patient will feel instantly relieved. It is likely that congestion, wheezing and breathlessness will disappear and that the sinuses will become clear. Therapeutic vomiting is also indicated in chronic asthma, diabetes, chronic cold, lymphatic congestion, chronic indigestion and edema.
After vamana, resting, fasting, smoking certain herbal cigarettes, and not suppressing natural urges (i.e., urination, defecation, gas, sneezing, coughing) is recommended. If vamana is administered properly, the person should feel relaxation in the lungs, will be able to breathe freely, will have lightness in the chest, clear thinking, a clear voice, a good appetite, and all symptoms of congestion disappear.
Toxins are loosed and eliminated from our body
Vomiting is induced by giving oral drugs with a large quantity of liquids. It cleanses toxins collected in the body and clears the respiratory system.
For asthma, cough, psoriasis, chronic allergies, hay fever, hyperacidity, chronic indigestion and water retention.
This is bowel-cleaning by giving a laxative mixed in milk or warm water. It removes toxins accumulated in the liver/gallbladder and completely cleans the gastro-intestinal path.
When excess bile, pitta, is secreted and accumulated in the gall bladder, liver and small intestine, it tends to result in rashes, skin inflammation, acne, chronic attacks of fever, biliary vomiting, nausea and jaundice. Ayurvedic literature suggests in these conditions the administration of therapeutic purgation or a therapeutic laxative. Purgatives help relieve the excess pitta causing the bile disturbance in the body. In fact, purgatives can completely cure the problem of excess pitta. When purgatives are used, the patient should not eat foods that will aggravate the predominant humor or cause the three humors to become unbalanced.
For skin diseases, urinary disorders, anemia, chronic fever, diabetes, digestive disorders, headache, gynecological disorders, jaundice and heartburn.
Considered as the mother of all treatments, this enema with medicinal oils (Sneha Basti) or decoctions (Kashaya Basti) cleanses accumulated toxins through the large intestine. Basti works well because of the good absorbing capacity of the rectal area.
In Basti we inject herbal concoctions of sesame oil and other herbs as liquid medium in rectum. Basti, is the most effective treatment for vata disorders.
It relieves constipation, distention, chronic fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with basti. For gastric disorders, obstruction of urine/semen/menstrual flow, loss of strength, nervous diseases, lower backache, rheumatism, kidney stones, piles, abnormal enlargement of the liver/spleen and obesity.
Basti is the most effective treatment for vata disorders. The term ‘Basti’ literally means bag or bladder. It involves instilling liquids like medicated oils, herbal decoctions and milk through the perineum. It refers to injecting of a fluid into the rectum to cause a bowel movement.
It cleans or heals the ama or toxins accumulated in the lower part of the body.
Niruha or Asthapana Basti (decoction enema) it is mainly enema of water based medical extracts or medicated water.
UttaraBasti – Enema is given through vagina in women. Uttara Basti is for certain gynecological disorders like uterine.Vata is a very active principle in pathogenesis (disease). If we can control vata through the use of basti, we have gone a long way in going to the root cause of the vast majority of diseases. Vata is the main etiological (causal) factor in the manifestation of diseases. It is the motive force behind the elimination and retention of feces, urine, bile and other excreta. Vata is mainly located in the large intestine, but bone tissue (asthi dhatu) is also a site for vata. Hence the medication administered rectally effects asthi dhatu. The mucus membrane of the colon is related to the outer covering of the bones (periosteum), which nourishes the bones. Therefore, any medication given rectally goes into the deeper tissues, like bones, and corrects vata disorders.
Nose is an easy entrance to the head. Medicine is poured into the nostrils for inhalation. This cleanses accumulated toxins in the head and neck region.
The nose is the doorway to the brain and it is also the doorway to consciousness. The nasal administration of medication is called nasya. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening, the nose.
Prana, life force as nerve energy, enters the body through the breath taken in through the nose. Prana is in the brain and maintains sensory and motor functions. Prana also governs mental activities, memory, concentration and intellectual activities. Deranged prana creates defective functioning of all these activities and produces headaches, convulsions, loss of memory and reduced sensory perception. Thus nasal administration, nasya, is indicated for prana disorders, sinus congestion, migraine headaches, convulsions and certain eye and ear problems.
Breathing also can be improved through nasal massage. For this treatment, the little finger is dipped into ghee and inserted into the nose. The inner walls of the nose are slowly massaged, going as deeply as possible. This treatment will help to open the emotions. (Nose tissue is tender and for this application the fingernail must be kept short to avoid injuring the delicate mucus membranes.) Since most people have a deviated nasal septum, one side of the nose will be easier to penetrate and massage than the other. The finger should not be inserted forcibly. The massage should proceed by slow penetration, the finger moving first in a clockwise and then counter-clockwise direction. By this means, the emotions that are blocked in the respiratory tract will be released. One may use this treatment each morning and evening. In this way, breathing patterns will change as the emotions are released and the eyesight also will improve
Highly effective for asthma, sinusitis, migraine and loss of smell/taste.
It neutralizes the accumulated pitta toxins of many blood borne diseases. With this therapy disease caused by Pitta are relieved .
Leeches have three jaws with tiny rows of teeth. They pierce a person’s skin and i
nsert anticoagulants through their saliva. The leeches are then allowed to extract blood, for 20 to 45 minutes at a time, from the affected area of patient.
Enzymes in saliva of leeach (Hirudin) enter the blood which acts as an anti-coagulant. This leech enzyme stays in the blood and do vasodilation and increases the blood supply to the surrounding tissue. This prevent necrosis and expedites the healing.
Leech sucks impure blood from the skin and only the pure blood is left so it is a blood purification therapy .
Toxins present in the gastrointestinal tract are absorbed into the blood and circulated throughout the body. This condition is called toxemia, which is the basic cause of repeated infections and blood circulatory conditions. This includes repeated attacks of skin disorders such as urticaria, rashes, herpes, eczema, acne, scabies, leukoderma, chronic itching or hives. In such conditions, elimination of the toxins from blood is necessary.. Rakta moksha is also indicated for cases of enlarged liver, spleen and gout.
Pitta is produced from the disintegrated red blood cells in the liver. So pitta and blood have a very close relationship. An increase in pitta may go into the blood causing toxicity, and thus many pitta-genic disorders. Extracting a small amount of blood from a vein relieves the tension created by the pitta-genic toxins in the blood. Leeches have been used as an alternative to bloodletting. Bloodletting also stimulates the spleen to produce anti-toxic substances that help to stimulate the immune system. Toxins are neutralized, enabling radical cures in many blood-borne disorders.
Certain substances such as sugar, salt, yogurt, sour-tasting foods and alcohol are toxic to the blood. In certain blood disorders these substances should be avoided to keep the blood pure. For rakta moksha treatment other than bloodletting, there are blood-purifying practices involving herbs, gem
< PS : Results may vary from person to person based on his/her body type and combination of doshas >
Submit your review